Transversus Thoracis

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Transversus Thoracis mm    Transversus Thoracis: Origin and Insertion     
Transversus Thoracis

Origin: Posterior aspect of Xiphoid process and sternum.

Insertion: Posterior surface of costal cartilages of ribs 2-6.

Actions: Pulls costal cartilages downwards to help with forces exhalation.

Innervation: Corresponding costal nerves.

Daily uses: Forceful exhalation.

Back to muscles

Other muscles…..


Origin: Posterior surface of the scapula (below the spine of the scapula)

Insertion: Greater tuberosity on the humerus

Actions: Shoulder abduction, 
External rotation.

Innervation: Suprascapular nerve

Daily uses: Brushing hair.

Teres Minor

Origin: Mid section of the lateral border of the scapula

Insertion: Greater tuberosity on the humerus

Actions:External rotation, 
Shoulder adduction

Innervation: Axillary nerve

Daily uses: Brushing hair


Origin: Supraspinous fossa

Insertion: Greater tuberosity of the humerus

Actions: Abduction 
Stabilisation of the humerus

Innervation: Suprascapular nerve

Daily uses: Holding shopping bags away from the body

How do you stretch subscapularis and pectoralis major?

You should not complete this stretch if you have any shoulder problems. Speak to your physio who can advise you further.

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