Cerebral Palsy PBL scenario

Below is a learning aid for paediatrics. Complete the questions to explore around the subjective and expand your knowledge on cerebral palsy, assessment techniques and available treatments.

 

Scenario 1 –  Learning objectives:

Deninition:
  • Spastic diplegia
  • Periventricular bleed
Anatomy and Physiology
  • Define the normal level of development at 29 weeks.
  • Explore the normal functional development (normal weight gain and age appropriate tasks up to 5 years)
Pathology
  • Identify the presentation of cerebral palsy (causes, hereditary?, different types, life expectancy)
  • Explore the diagnostic tests for CP (pre and post birth).
  • Revise teh causes and implications of scoliosis and objective measurements.
  • Explore teh acuses, signs, symptoms, and treatemnts of epilepsy for children.
  • Explore the factors which can cause premature birth.
Physiotherapy management.
  • Identify mobilty AIDS for CP paediatric patients(K walker, adapted trike and major buggy)
  • Identify specialised seating for CP children in nurseries.
  • Research patterns of gait and posture in CP and compare to a normal child of the same age.
  • Define the physio interventions used for CP.
Medical management
  • Identify medication used for CP in children.
MDT
  • Investigate the transitional proess from neonatal intensive care to home for CP babies.
  • Explore the roles of the professionals involved in CP including DSC.
  • Identify the role of the non therapy based staff.
Psychosocial
  • Explore the psychosocial aspect of CP children intergrating into mainstream schools.
  • Discuss the legislation maintain a child’s rights.
Evidence Based Practice
  • Correlate the relationship between CP and foetal development and the relationship between birth weight and twins.
  • Investigate if there is a link between epilepsy and CP.
  • Investigate if there is a link between CP and cognitive ability.

Paediatrics

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