PBL: Lower back pain (LBP)
- List Myotomes
- List dermatomes
- Cord symptoms
- Cauda equina symtoms
- Referred pain
- McKenzie Test
- Neurodynamic testing
Anatomy and Physiology
- Revise the nerves of the lumbar spine and those linked to the leg and relevance to decreased sensation (nauseating/cramping)
- Revise the lumbar vertebrae and relevance of 24hr behavior (ie morning stiffness)
- Identify origins and insertions of lumbar muscles (ie erector spinae)
- Revise full ROM of the lumbar spine.
- Identify risk factors for LBP
- Explore relevance of lower leg pain to the back (ie referred pain)
- Discuss different causes of LBP and possible injury mechanism.
- Identify possible aggravating and easing factors of back pain and secondary problems such as lower leg pain.
- Explore beneficial/detrimental exercises such as walking/cycling on lLBP
- Identify symptoms of LBP.
- Indications of deep/superficial, dull/sharp, constant/intermittent pain.